Conditions & Services


When one or both joints of either the second, third, fourth or toe can abnormally bend, this is a condition known as hammertoe. Problems with hammertoes arise when wearing ill-fitting shoes puts pressure on the toes. This, in turn, causes the abnormal bend to worsen.

In early stages, hammertoe issues and symptoms are successfully treated with noninvasive procedures because the toes are flexible. However, since hammertoes get progressively worse over time, they can become more rigid and do not respond well to non-surgical treatment.

Dr. Chokan is a leader in treating hammertoes. Of the first eight of the new Protoe 2 implants ever performed in the U.S., he recently performed four of them.

Hammertoes never get better without some kind of intervention. It’s important to diagnose hammertoes before they progress to a surgical stage. If you think you suffer from hammertoes and are in the Akron-Canton, Ohio area, give us a call at Ohio Foot and Ankle Center to begin treatment today.

What is it?

When joints in the “little toes” bend unnaturally, the condition of hammertoes is present. It may be the result of a too-long toe that’s forced into a cramped area when tight shoes are worn. Heredity can also be a factor in the diagnosis of hammertoes. Occasionally, trauma to the toe joint is responsible for hammertoe.

Some of the symptoms of hammertoes are:

  • Wearing shoes causes irritation and pain to the afflicted toes
  • Corns and calluses (caused by friction against shoes) appear on the toe, between two toes, or on the ball of the foot
  • Inflammation, redness, or a burning sensation in the area of the affected toes
  • Abnormal bending of the toe
  • Open wounds may form in more severe cases

Am I at risk?

A muscle or tendon imbalance is generally the cause of hammertoes. This imbalance results from structural changes in the foot that can occur with age and leads to the abnormal bending of the toe joint.

How are hammertoes diagnosed?

Hammertoes don’t just disappear; they are a progressive condition. Without proper treatment, they will get worse over time. Your physician at Ohio Foot and Ankle Center may be able to readily diagnosis your hammertoes because they are visible. However, a thorough medical history of symptoms and an examination will make a definitive diagnosis.

For more details on hammertoes, visit the ACFAS informational website.